Argument Writing- Grades 9-10

Key Terms

The following terms are central to develop an argument. The TeacherConvoy recommends sharing and discussing these terms with your students prior to starting any type of direct instruction.

Essay/ Work Product
This type of writing attempts to determine if the writer’s thesis is true or not by examining the facts and evidence. This type of writing style avoids appealing to the reader’s emotions or ethics.
Argument WriterThis type of writer does not always have to choose the side he/she believes in—he/she chooses to write on the side that affords him/her the best, most effective argument.
Writing Style The best argument writing is objective writing. First person almost inherently (and unintentionally) reflects bias or personal opinion.
EvidenceThese are facts and pieces of information that can be used to support an argument and stop people from questioning a writer’s reasons. Evidence ought to come from reputable sources.
ReasoningAn explain why the writer believe his/her position is correct. The writer’s reasoning tells the audience why something should be considered important or unimportant.
Claim This is usually the main idea or position (i.e., claim” or thesis statement) backed up with evidence that supports the writer’s argument.
CounterclaimThis is the viewpoint that opposes the writer’s claim in an argument.
AudienceThe people that read your writing. It is important that writers not insult or judge their readers.

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